Have we all recovered from stuffing ourselves with turkey and other "festive" foods???? Good. Let's get crackin' on this weeks questions.

1. What shell fish is involved in a prohibition about eating them in months lacking an "r"?

2. What did one of the Japanese gods contact that brought about the Japanese misogi rituals?

3. Sumo(o) is the Japanese form of wrestling, which has religious implications. Before bouts what is thrown to purify the ring? (This is a different ring, than the movie of the same name!!!!!)

4. At how many feet (or meters) under the water is a person subjected to another atmosphere pressure?

5. What ailment affected the Greek divers when they went from "skin" diving to using "hard hats" for diving?

6. What kind of shell was found in Adena and Hopewell cultures in the Ohio Valley that made archaeologists aware of trading routes to the Pacific?

7. What shell can be played like some kind of horn? It is used in the South Pacific and in Latin America as well.

8. What term is used for pearls that result from irritants introduced by people into shell fish?

9. What native term is used for the beads made from shell called that are used to carry messages among the Indians of the N.E. Woodlands?

10. What is the study of past cultures from their material remains known as?


1. Malinowski defined two areas "sacred" and "profane". What did he place in the area he called "the sacred"?
Ans. "magic" or "religion" would be correct.

2. What term is used for images placed on the front of ships?
Ans. figureheads

3. Magic and science share some aspects in common. What about their approach to the world did anthropologsts think linked them?
Ans. "manipulation" or "manipulative"

4. Who are the people constitute the untouchable caste in Japan?
Ans. Eta

5. In addition to water, what constitues something involved in ritual purification?
Ans. salt

6. What does one call animals born in the ocean but live largely in fresh water?
Ans. catadromous

7. What are rituals called which mark a person's change of status?
Ans. "rites of passage" or "rites of transition"

8. From what part of the world did tattooing come in post-Classical times (i.e. after the ancient Greek and Roman times)?
Ans. "The Pacific" ot "Polynesia"

9. The crossing of what "line", is generally celebrated on ships?
Ans. equator

10. Who, from the ancient Greeks and Romans, is the god of the ocean?
Ans. "Poseidon" (if you like the ancient Greeks) or "Neptune" if you prefer the ancient Romans.